We selected three varieties of olives that are all suitable for high-density orchards and the Central Texas climate. While our primary olive variety, Arbequina, does not need cross-pollination, we included two other varieties to increase the yield; as well as for their contributions to the flavor and aroma of the final oil blend.
Koroneiki: A Greek variety known for its anti-oxidant properties and light, fruity flavor. It produces small olives, but with greater yield. We are using Koroneiki trees as a cross-pollenator. The tree is of medium vigor with a spreading habit and an open canopy. The leaves are elliptic lanceolate; short and narrow. The fruit is small ovoid and slightly asymmetric. It ripens early and has high and constant yields with a very high content of oil. The Koroneiki variety is an early bearer which also flowers early and produces lots of pollen. They are often planted with Mastodies as a pollenizer.
- Arbequina: A Spanish variety that is prized for its high quality, buttery oil with a lightly peppered finish. It is a tree of medium vigor with a weeping shape. It has a crown of average size and produces a small amount of new wood each year. The leaves are elliptical lanceolate in shape and shiny dark green in color. The fruit is spherically symmetrical in shape, small in size (1.75 – 2.0 grams) with a rounded top. Fruit is black at maturation which occurs in mid season (the second half of November), but not all at once. The yield in oil is good (20 – 22%), of excellent quality with good organoleptic characteristics.
- Arbosana: A Spanish variety that is small in stature with high yields. The yield in oil is very good (19-20%), and the oil has a unique fruity flavor. This variety is late maturing with high producing fruit with a tendency toward alternate bearing. Resistant to leaf drop and cold, this is a tree of lower vigor and high productivity leading to high density planting.